Port Cities : Comparative Perspectives on Urban Stability and Public Safety (18th-21st centuries)

12e conférence internationale d’Histoire Urbaine, European Association of Urban History, Lisbonne, 3-6 septembre 2014.
Session M 44.

The coming of globalization was centrally anchored in the increased mobility of goods, people and ideas. Port cities were thus transformed in crucial hubs in this mobility age. Because of the heterogeneous social and cultural landscape associated with commerce and transport, port cities became increasingly known as insecure places. Hence the perceptions resulting from and the strategies adopted to deal with the insecurity and the search for a new sense of urban stability were especially acute in port cities. This specialist session aims to promote a discussion on urban stability as a core element in modern urban development and the strategies to deal with public safety issues in port cities in the last three centuries. From material perspectives to the more common social and cultural analysis, this is a theme that can be covered by a number of different approaches. Were urban environments planned and built influenced by security issues? How were public safety policies thought and put into practice, and what were the particularities of port cities in these matters? The answers to these questions lay in a multiplicity of topic that can be brought down to the discussion. The state, its institutions and agents are obvious central actors emerging in this period. Therefore questions of the interrelationship between central, local and multinational powers on issues as building regulations, policing and other social control institutions will be welcomed in this panel. But we also aim to discuss private strategies of security, either with approaches on community based strategies (for example neighbourhood night-watchmen associations) or the emergence of security as a business (insurance companies are also a possible theme). The organizers of this panel aim to convene a debate around comparative perspectives on individual European port cities and worldwide cities, but also on the transnational circulation of public safety debates and strategies. Because of their overseas connections, port cities are essential cases to understand local and national specificities, but also the development of transnational and global solutions, and how these different levels were progressively intermingled.

Keywords: Port Cities; Security; Urban Stability

Period: 19th Century – 20th Century

Organisateurs :
Gonçalo Rocha Gonçalves (Portugal) – ISCTE – University Institute of Lisbon
Flávio Borda d’Agua (Switzerland) – Université de Genève & Institut et Musée Voltaire

Surveiller le port: le cas de Naples au XVIIIe siècle
Diego Carnevale

Incorporer les ports d’Europe dans un système policier national: l’expérience napoléonienne
Aurélien Lignereux

Contrôler les marins dans la ville: les acteurs de la régulation sociale de la ville-port, à travers l’exemple du Havre au XIXe siècle
Nicolas Cochard

Projects for the security, safety and defense of Lisbon in the 19th century
Catarina Caetano da Rosa

Espaces portuaires et spatialisation de la domination coloniale. La police des circulations dans le port d’Oran (Algérie, années 1840-1880)
Emmanuel Blanchard

Surveillance as an element in the planning of Port Cities, Lisbon and Rotterdam
Magda Avelar Pinheiro, Hendrick van Dijk

Le rôle primordial des raffineries de sucre dans la lutte contre les incendies urbains à Orléans, XVIIe-XIXe siècles
Gaëlle Caillet

La vulnérabilité des villes portuaires méditerranéennes françaises et italiennes au prisme des contentieux
Mariantonia Lo Prete

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